Author Guidelines

1. Language
Africa Spectrum is published in English only. Africa Spectrum also accepts French- and German-language articles during the review process; however, accepted articles will have to be translated into English before publication (either by the author or through the editorial department).

2. Biographical note and abstract
All authors are asked to provide a biographical note, which should state the following: current occupation, scientific discipline, research fields and projects (maximum 100 words). Please keep in mind that all contributions are to be headed by an abstract of at most 150 words. Please add three to four keywords. If possible, please translate the abstract and keywords into German.

3. Format
The submission file should not exceed 8,500 words including references (Research Articles), 4,500 words (Analyses and Reports, etc.) or 1,000 words (Book Reviews), respectively. Please refrain from formatting! Eliminate all editing, formatting and automatic numbering. Send the text as a plain Word file. Please use a standard font (e.g., Times New Roman, 12 pt.). Bold or underlined text is not necessary. Do not use justification and syllabication in your text. Organise titles and subtitles using a clear hierarchy; please do not use more than three levels of headlines. Refer only to sections, not to specific pages. Include footnotes for digression or further argumentation sparingly. Use British English throughout the text, and please be sure to write clearly and use correct punctuation; we recommend that non-native authors have their contributions proofread.

4. References
References should follow the Harvard Citation Style:

  • References cited in the text: Author/s publication date (and if needed): pp. For example: (Maihold 1996: 62-91; Johnson and Smith 2008; Cusack, Fitzgerald, and Hu 2001: 356). If the source has more than three authors, name only the first: (Dombois et al. 1997); if different sources published in the same year by the same author are quoted, distinguish them with an additional minuscule (2000a, 2000b). Do not use ibidem or ibid.
  • References at the end of the text: All quoted authors and sources are to be listed in an alphabetical bibliography at the end of the text. Please provide full first names and check for completeness! For titles in non-European languages please provide translation in brackets.
  • Books: Last name, First name, First name Last name, and First name Last name (eds) (publication date), Title, second or further edition, Place of publication: Publisher.
  • Articles in anthologies: Last name, First name (publication date), Title, in: First name Last name (ed.), Title of anthology, second or further edition, Place of publication: Publisher, pp. xx-xx.
  • Journal articles: Last name, First name, and First name Last name (publication date), Title, in: Title of journal, Vol., No., pp. xx-xx.
  • Internet-documents: Last name, First name (publication date): Title, online: (accessed: d.m.yyyy). or:
    Title of document, in: Name of online journal or publisher, online: (accessed: d.m.yyyy).
5. Tables, graphs, and images
Tables, diagrams, and images should be used in moderation. They are to be numbered separately and continuously and provided with an individual title and an exact reference; they should be placed within the text at the appropriate points. Attention: Tables and images need to fit our text format, DIN A5 paper size; we do not print in landscape format. We print in black and white and therefore use shading rather than colours. Photos and other images can only be used after consultation with our printer. Please make sure you are in possession of copyrights. Also, when using images from the Internet, a full reference and a written reprint authorisation are necessary. Photos from news agencies are protected by copyright as well and are only to be reprinted with written authorisation (and in some cases payment of a licensing fee). Authors are solely responsible for obtaining reprint authorisation.

6. Book Reviews
Book reviews should not exceed 1,000 words and should contain the following:
  • a short summary of the book's contents;
  • the main research issues covered in the book and their connection to international scientific discussions;
  • an appraisal of the book’s theoretical framework, methods, formal weaknesses or strengths, and its contribution to the ongoing scientific debate.
The review should be headed by the following information: name and first name of the author(s), title, place of publication, publisher, year of publication, ISBN, and number of pages. It should not contain footnotes or bibliographic notes.

7. Author’s copy
Every contributor receives one author’s copy.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format and does not exceed 8,500 words (Research Articles), 4,500 words (Analyses and Reports, etc.) or 1,000 words (Book Reviews) respectively.
  2. The text adheres to the formal and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. If submitting a Research Article, which will be peer-reviewed, the instructions for Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors' Certification

In submitting the manuscript, the authors certify that:

1. They are authorised by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.

2. The submitted manuscript is original and has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, thesis or working paper), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication has been approved by all the authors and that the authors have full authority to enter into this agreement.

3. They warrant and represent that they have the full power and authority to enter into and execute this agreement and to convey the rights granted herein, and that such rights are not now subject to prior assignment, transfer or other encumbrance. This also applies to the text and photo originals attained from other sources (for which the authors have secured the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere).

4. Their manuscript contains nothing that is unlawful, libellous, or which would, if published, constitute a breach of contract or of confidence or of commitment given to secrecy.

5. In the event that the parties to this agreement, either individually or collectively, are held responsible for damages or the costs of a legal process undertaken by a third party as a result of the authors’ actions under points 1, 2, 3, and 4, the authors agree to release the publisher from the claims of the third party and to compensate the publisher for any resulting legal costs.

6. They agree to the following license and copyright agreement:Copyright Agreement

      Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

      1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication in print and online. The work is distributed under the
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works License
      , which allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. However, the work may not be altered or transformed. The license is valid for both electronic and paper copies.

      2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

      3. Authors grant GIGA commercial rights to produce hardcopy volumes of the journal for sale to libraries and individuals, as well as to integrate the work, its title, and its abstract in databases, abstracting and indexing services, and other similar information sources.

      4. Court of jurisdiction is Hamburg, Germany.

The full legal code of this license
    (in German)


Privacy Statement

The names and e-mail addresses entered in this journal's site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.